Beginning of Oba Era

The successor to Ewedo would have been prince Obuobu who was engaged in endless wars in Ibo land. In his absence, his brother was crowned with the title Oba Oguola. Oba Oguola dug the first and second moats to fortify the city from invaders from Udo. He further decreed that important towns and villages should build similar moats as defense systems around their communities.

Prince Efabo ascended the throne after the death of his father with the title Oba Ewedo. Seen by historians as the second greatest monarch to reign in Benin kingdom. It must be observed that the three first Obas - Eweka I, Uwakhuanhen and Ehenmihen had their political support from the elders (Edion who later became known as Uzama) Oba Ewedo discontented with the rudely behaviors of the Edionisen (five Elders) uzama he called them ‘Emwan nei zama omwan’ meaning people who don't show respect to their Oba this was later corrupted into Uzama.

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Beginning of Oba Era

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